COMMON TYPES OF PROSTHETICS

The use of prosthetics is common for many years. These prosthetics help replace the amputated limbs. With the passage of time and technology, they have become sophisticated and advanced.


Selection Factor for the Prosthetics


A Prosthetic is an artificial limb that serves as a replacement to a specific body part. The type of prosthetic depends upon the following factors:

  • The body part amputated.

  • The location of that body part

  • Extent of surgery

  • The condition of the residual body part.


Types of Prosthetics


The types of prosthetics depend on the body part that it will fit on. In actual practice, the type of prostheses depends upon two body parts only, i.e., arm and leg. These types help in the replacement of complete or partial amputation of arm and leg.


Transradial Prosthetic

  • This type of prosthetic is on the arm below the elbow. A trans-radial artificial limb has a forearm and wrist. Recent advancements in this type of prosthetic include cables and wires.

  • This type of prosthetic gives a robot-like arm. The patient with this advanced form of prosthetic can move their arms like a real hand.


Transhumeral Prosthetic

• This type of prosthetic is on the arm above the elbow. It is one of the most difficult prosthetics to place. The difficulty is because of the complex location of the body part.

• This type of prosthetic usually utilizes a suction system. Another method of fixing the prosthetic to the remaining limb is with the help of the roll-on linear system.



Transtibial Prosthetic

  • This type of prosthetic is on the leg below the knee. It helps to regain normal functions of the limb. It is because the major part of the leg is healthy. It, therefore, helps in regaining complete mobility. Patients with this type of prosthetics are even able to take part in sports.

  • Always keep the pressure and sensitive areas in mind when developing this type. The entire weight of the body rests on this prosthetic, so the comfort of the patient is essential. The majority of these types of prosthetics use a pin system or a socket system.


Transfemoral Prosthetic

  • This type of prosthetic is above the knee. Amputees with this type of prosthetic take a longer time to rehabilitate. That is because the residual limb is shorter than the prosthetic limb. New advancements in this type of prosthetics include hydraulic pumps. These new technologies help patients in recovering quickly.



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